History of Coffee

history of coffee illustration book library coffee beans
The history of coffee, a simple sequence of events? Certainly not! The journey of coffee is much more. An adventure that spans the depths of time, filled with death-defying escapes, global intrigues, and romance. From distant tropical islands to powerful centers of world trade, being banned, underestimated, and glorified, giving birth to both fear and pleasure.

Introduction to the history of coffee

It’s truly intriguing how a small fruit, first found in the coffee trees of Ethiopia, has evolved into the second-largest globally traded commodity today.

Have you ever wondered about the origins of coffee and the starting point of the incredible journey this petite fruit from the coffee tree has embarked upon? Brace yourself for an exploration across both time and continents.

Ethiopian woman gathering coffee beans illustration

What we will cover

Following a gradual unveiling in Africa, coffee ventured towards the west, captivating emerging civilizations in Europe, and simultaneously found its roots in the east in Asia. The question remains: How did this seed manage to infiltrate every corner of the globe?

This is the exploration we’re about to embark upon and keep in mind this is not your average generic overview, we are about to take a deep dive into the history of coffee, its origins, myths and facts.

With a vast terrain to cover, brew yourself a cup of coffee and delve into the journey ahead.

Contents

Coffee Origins

What is the origin of coffee? The origin of coffee can be traced back to the ancient coffee forests of Ethiopia, where it is believed that coffee was first discovered.

From there, it moved to Yemen in the 15th century. By the 16th century, people in places like Persia, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey knew about coffee.

There are several myths about the person who first discovered coffee. Let’s start with the most popular version of the Kaldi myth.

Origins of coffee illustration of Ethiopian goatherd Kaldi holding coffee

The Myth of Kaldi

The most popular origin story of our beloved beverage begins with Kaldi and his goats in 850 CE.

goat next to coffee trees looking energetic
Myth of Kaldi and the dancing goats Illustration: Martakis

Kaldi, an Ethiopian goatherd, observed an unusual behavior in his goats – they were dancing!

This peculiar sight led him to discover that the cause was the red fruits, roughly the size of cherries, they were consuming.

Intrigued, Kaldi decided to taste the fruits himself and experienced sleeplessness that night.

Excited by this revelation, he gathered some of the fruits the next day and brought them to a nearby monastery, hoping to share his discovery.

However, the monk there disapproved and cast the fruits into the fire.

illustration kaldi inspects coffee berries from a tree
Kaldi inspects coffee berries Illustration: Martakis

As the fruits burned, an incredible aroma wafted from the fire, signaling the beginning of something extraordinary.

The result was the world’s first roasted coffee, emanating a delightful fragrance.

Undeterred by the monk’s disapproval, Kaldi’s aromatic creation captured the monk’s curiosity.

The monk tasted the concoction, finding it delightful, and eagerly shared it with his fellow monks. This marked the beginning of the dissemination of knowledge about the magical beverage.

ethiopian monk roasts coffee beries in the myth of kaldi
Ethiopian monk roasts coffee berries Illustration: Martakis

As the monks engaged in their newfound coffee ritual, a serene warmth enveloped them. The effects were transformative, granting them the ability to stay awake and partake in profound discussions for extended periods.

Though Kaldi’s story may exist in the realm of symbolic and unverifiable history, one undeniable truth emerges – the origins of coffee can be traced back to the mystical lands of Ethiopia.

The aromatic journey, from Kaldi’s curious goats to the tranquil monastery, marked the inception of a beverage destined to captivate hearts and minds throughout the ages.

Ethiopian monk offers red coffee beans illustration

Fuel for warriors: Coffee-infused energy bars!

Alternative narratives propose that the coffee origin can be attributed to the Galla tribe, who may have been the first to discover the secrets of coffee.

history of coffee illustration, the Galla tribe with coffee bars and warriors
The Galla tribe Illustration: Martakis

In a unique practice, the Galla tribe would mix coffee with ghee (butter), molding the blend into bars for their warriors to carry into battle.

Remarkably, these coffee bars and beverages, crafted with a blend of coffee, ghee, and salt, continue to be enjoyed even in modern times.

illustration map of coffee traveling from Africa to Yemen

Coffee Reaches the Port Mocha

Coffee embarked on a seafaring odyssey, reaching the Middle East and Yemen in the 15th century. The port, Mocha, cradled its seeds, birthing a term synonymous with coffee and marking a chapter in its history.

history of coffee  illustration black ethiopian man going to mocha on a boat caring coffee beans

From then on, every mention of “mocha” in coffee discussions traced back to Yemen’s shores. The beverage, known as the “wine of Arabia,” found roots in Egypt, Persia, and Turkey.

As its aroma enchanted the region, coffeehouses sprang up across Arabia, aptly named the “Schools of the Wise.”

Within these aromatic sanctuaries, coffee’s tale unfolded, blending the essence of wisdom with the rich flavors that had journeyed across seas and centuries.

Coffee in Ottoman Empire

animation of khair beg forbiding coffee

The first coffeehouses appeared in the Ottoman empire at the 15th century and they quickly became popular meeting places, where people discused all kinds off important topics. Not everyone was happy with that.

In the year 1511, a pivotal chapter unfolded in Mecca, as Khair Beg, the fresh-faced governor and chief of police, stumbled upon satirical verses penned about him in the bustling coffeehouses.

A wave of open expression surged through the air.

And in that very moment, a fateful decision was made.

ottoman men at coffeeshop drinking turkish coffee illustration
Ottoman coffeehouse Illustration: Martakis

Khair Beg, aligning himself with the more conservative factions of Muslim society, propagated the notion that coffee equaled the intoxicating allure of wine—an elixir sternly prohibited by the Quran.

This proclamation marked the onset of a ban on coffee.

Yet, as the annals of history would later unveil, curbing the enchanting influence of this magical brew proved to be no straightforward task.

ottoman men and women at the first coffeeshop illustration

Chaos erupted on the streets of Arab cities, a tumultuous response to the injustice suffered by those who found solace in the ritual of coffee-drinking.

Widely embraced for its ability to prepare and keep the faithful awake during nightly prayers, some fervently believed that the heightened alertness bestowed by coffee drew them nearer to the divine.

Eventually, these stringent prohibitions were lifted by none other than the Sultan of Cairo—an intriguing figure who, rumor has it, had a fondness for coffee.

The twist in this tale saw Khair Beg, the staunch enforcer of the coffee ban, condemned to face the ultimate penalty: death.

Such was the dramatic outcome of the first recorded attempt to outlaw the beloved elixir—coffee.

Coffee travels to Europe and Asia

Τhe journey of coffee takes a turn as its seeds spread both eastward, reaching India and Indonesia, and westward, reaching Italy and the rest of Europe.

But to venture even further and conquer additional continents, it will take a courageous monk and a papal approval.

Pope Clement viii illustration blessing coffee

How Asia changed the history of coffee

In the complex history of coffee, Arabia safeguarded the secrets of its prized beans, restricting their export to Yemen.

Meanwhile, the Dutch, undeterred by prior failures, delved into coffee cultivation in the late 1600s.

Baba Budan smugling coffee beans on a camel in the desert illustration

Enter Baba Budan, a Sufi saint on a sacred pilgrimage in 1670. Concealing seven precious coffee seeds, he smuggled them back to India, setting the stage for coffee’s journey in the East.

Baba Budan’s seeds flourished, giving rise to expansive coffee plantations in India. Simultaneously, the Dutch navigated their own coffee cultivation challenges.

Coffee route from Yemen to India illustration

Amidst these endeavors, Ceylonese allies sent coffee seedlings to the Dutch Governor of Java, Indonesia. Battling natural adversities, the perseverance paid off by 1704, establishing Indonesia as a key player in the coffee trade.

Java, the once-ambiguous term, now echoed with the aroma of coffee, extending its influence to Sumatra and Celebes, transforming Indonesia into a coffee haven.

The journey of coffee, entwined with tales of resilience and collaboration, continued to weave a rich narrative across continents.

The Coffee Invasion of Europe – The “Devil’s Drink”

illustration of a coffee cup in historic Venetia 1570
The “devils drink” Venetia 1570 Illustration: Martakis

In the year 1570, a small but powerful bean made its grand entrance into the enchanting city of Venice. The aroma of this mysterious elixir began to swirl through the air, capturing the senses of the Venetian people and swiftly gaining popularity, as is its wont.

Amidst the winding streets and bustling canals of Venice, the church started to take notice of the growing allure of this dark elixir.

Local clerics, quick to associate the unfamiliar with the diabolical, deemed this new concoction a product of the Ottoman infidels—a brew from the hands of unbelievers!

illustration of christian clerics vatican 1600 talking about banning coffee
Comic style coffee ban Illustration: Martakis

In response to the rising whispers about the “devil’s drink,” Pope Clement VIII, a man of both curiosity and authority, decided to investigate the matter himself. The scene was set as the Pope, surrounded by the grandeur of the Vatican, prepared to confront the alleged elixir.

As the Pope brought the cup to his lips, the aroma proved not of brimstone but of a delightfully pleasing and enticing nature.

The unexpected temptation led Pope Clement VIII to taste the “brew of the devil.” After savoring the unfamiliar flavor, he made a surprising declaration.

This beverage is so delicious that it would be a shame to let the unbelievers have exclusive use of it. We shall deceive the devil by baptizing it and making it a truly Christian drink. Thanks be to God for this creation!Pope Clement VIII
pope Clement VIII blessing coffee
Pope Clement VIII drinking Illustation: Martakis

The ripple effect of the Pope’s endorsement was felt across Europe in the subsequent century.

The once-dubbed “devil’s drink” had transformed into a cherished Christian elixir, and coffeehouses, inspired by the unexpected blessing of Pope Clement VIII, began to emerge as cultural hubs in various corners of the continent.

The coffee invasion of Europe had officially begun.

The Coffee Conquest of Europe

As the 1600s unfolded, coffeehouses sprouted across Europe in England, Austria, France, Germany, and the Netherlands.

The Coffee Tale in England

In England, the Coffee Tale unfolds with a unique flavor. Inspired by Arabian coffeehouses, they transformed into vibrant social hubs, aptly dubbed “Penny Universities.”

penny univerities young men drinking coffee arguing illustration by Martakis

A cup of coffee granted entry to a realm of knowledge—political discourse and social tidings exchanged with every sip.

In Oxford, the first coffee club in England opened. This establishment would later be known as the Oxford Coffee Club, where significant ideas and innovations were created and shared. The Oxford Coffee Club eventually grew into The Royal Society.

Noteworthy among these was Edward Lloyd’s Coffee House, evolving into a corporate giant, birthing the fusion of caffeine and commerce.

In Oxford, the birthplace of the first English coffee club, ideas brewed like the finest roast. The Oxford Coffee Club matured into The Royal Society, a testament to the intellectual power fueled by coffee.

british men talking and drinking coffee at penny universities history of coffee illustration Martakis
Penny universities England 1600 Illustration: Martakis

For English men, coffeehouses became their sanctuaries—where work and camaraderie flowed, leaving the pubs in the shadows. Yet, for the women of the era, discontent brewed like a storm.

Their spouses, entrenched in coffeehouse discussions, were absent from home, sparking the 1674 Women’s Petition Against Coffee—an attempt to banish coffee and reclaim domestic bliss.

A tale of coffee, not just as a beverage but as a catalyst for intellectual exchange, societal transformation, and, in some corners, domestic turbulence.

women petition against coffee illustration by Martakis

Coffee Conquers France

In the 17th century, France fell under the spell of coffee, courtesy of the Turkish Ambassador in Paris.

The year 1669 marked the beginning of this love affair, as Paris, echoing the enchantment of Louis XIV’s era, embraced coffee as a cultural elixir.

Blue Bottle Coffee History

Austrian after winning Turks and taking their coffee blue bottle Founder Illustration By Martakis
Austrian officers after the battle of Vienna Illustration: Martakis

Fast forward to 1683, post the Battle of Vienna—a tale of triumph and aromatic spoils. Defeated Turks left behind bags filled with precious beans. An Austrian officer, a connoisseur from Arabian travels, unveiled Vienna’s first coffeehouse, christened “The Blue Bottle.”

n a gesture of gratitude, he introduced the Viennese to a newfound ritual—adding milk and sugar to coffee, an alchemy that sweetened Vienna’s appreciation for the dark elixir.

This aromatic legacy echoes through time, with each sip of Viennese coffee carrying the essence of that victorious moment.

From the refined salons of Paris to the cobbled streets of Vienna, coffee became more than a beverage—it became a shared experience, uniting cultures through the simple pleasure of a well-brewed cup.

Coffee arrives to America

Having already conquered Africa and the nations of the Indian Ocean, sweeping across Europe, coffee was destined to make its way even further west to conquer every nation touching the Atlantic Ocean.

Illustation of captain De Clieu drinking coffee history

Coffee Crosses the Atlantic Ocean

In the early 18th century, the Dutch decided to display generosity in a way that would forever change the world of coffee cultivation.

In 1714, the mayor of Amsterdam presented King Louis XIV of France with a coffee plant. While the Dutch couldn’t cultivate coffee trees in their homeland, they ingeniously preserved them in specialized greenhouses.

This specific plant sought sanctuary within the protective confines of the Royal Botanical Gardens of Paris.

de Clieu on a ship transporting coffee plant illustration black & white By Martakis
De Clieu French Captain Illustration: Martakis

During this period, a captain in the French Navy, Gabriel de Clieu, was in Martinique but visited Paris.

Whether he cunningly acquired seedlings from the sheltered coffee tree of King Louis XIV or received direct instructions from the monarch to initiate a coffee plantation in Martinique, the details of Gabriel de Clieu’s venture into the world of coffee cultivation remain shrouded in mystery.

Nevertheless, de Clieu acquired the seedlings and embarked on a voyage to the Caribbean, where conditions proved ideal for coffee cultivation.

An illustration of DE CLIEU colored on his ship transfering coffee to the Caribbean

It was a perilous journey for de Clieu, who struggled to keep the plant alive.

Water was scarce on the ship, but he managed to sustain the plant by depriving himself.

Upon reaching the island, he secretly planted it among other flora to keep it safe.

After being planted, the sapling not only flourished but spread to over 18 million coffee trees on the island of Martinique in the next 50 years.

Even more incredible, this coffee tree became the ancestor of all coffee trees in the entire Caribbean, South, and Central America!

De Clieu taking care of his coffee plant on the journey to the Caribean illustration

In 1730, the English Governor of Jamaica, Nicholas Lawes, brought coffee plants to his island. In a short time, coffee flourished deep in the Blue Mountains, an exceptional coffee cultivation region.

This plant would change the history of coffee and the economy of America forever.

 Brazilian Coffee History

Francisco de Melo Palheta illustration transporting coffee to guyana Brazil

In the vast expanse of time, when Brazil was yet to emerge as the coffee titan we know today, the seeds of this extraordinary journey were sown by the tenacity of a Brazilian sergeant named Francisco Palheta.

The year was 1727, and his mission to settle a dispute in Guyana concealed a secret agenda—to acquire the coveted coffee that could transform Brazil’s destiny.

Facing rejection in his plea for coffee seedlings from the French Governor, Palheta unveiled a clandestine plan.

Francisco Palieta argues about coffee with French governor illustration
French governor refuses to give coffee to Palheta Illustration: Martakis

With a charm as potent as the rich Brazilian soil, he captivated the Governor’s wife, receiving from her hands a bouquet concealing the essence of a coffee empire.

Hidden amidst the blooms were the seeds and sprouts that would become the catalyst for Brazil’s coffee ascendance.

Returning home, Palheta planted these covert treasures, birthing the roots of a coffee legacy.

It took until 1822 for the seeds to bear fruit, as Brazil’s coffee production burgeoned. By 1852, the nation claimed its throne as the world’s leading coffee producer—a reign unbroken to this very day.

Colonel Franciso De Melo Palheta recieving bouquet with hidden coffee plants illustration
Palheta recieving a buquet with hidden coffee plants Illustration: Martakis

In 1893, Brazilian coffee embarked on a journey to the cradle of its existence, landing in Kenya and Tanzania.

The Brazilian magic mingled with East African soil, creating a fusion that echoed the history of coffee itself.

American Coffee History

Imagine the brisk winds of Boston Harbor in 1773, a time when a group of spirited patriots, some cleverly disguised as Native Americans, embarked on a clandestine mission. Their goal?

To take a stand against the oppressive tax levied by the British on tea. And so, the Boston Tea Party unfolded – a rebellion that echoed through the ages.

Boston Tea party illustration of Americans dressed as Indians throwing tea to the sea

As crates of English tea found their way into the depths of the ocean, a symbolic act of defiance reverberated. Tea became a symbol of subjugation, and in its place, a new American favorite emerged: coffee.

This bold switch wasn’t merely about changing beverages; it marked the birth of a coffee culture that would define the nation’s palate.

The aromatic allure of coffee beans replaced the once-revered tea leaves, and the United States embarked on a journey that would forever intertwine its destiny with the global coffee industry.

Americas rebelion against tea tax illustration of the incident
Boston Tea Party (1773) Illustration. Source Britannica

Fast forward through the pages of history, and you find a nation that not only embraces coffee as its chosen brew but also shapes the coffee landscape worldwide.

The economic currents ripple far beyond its shores, impacting countries in South and Central America, where coffee cultivation thrives.

In essence, the Boston Tea Party wasn’t merely a pivotal moment in American history; it was the spark that ignited a passionate affair between America and coffee – a love story that continues to brew and flavor the nation’s journey through time.

Boston Tea Party (1773) at the port of Boston, Currier & Ives lithograph. Source Britannica
Boston Tea Party (1773) at the port of Boston, Currier & Ives lithograph. Source Britannica

Picture the lush landscapes of Hawaii in 1817, where the first whispers of a coffee revolution began.

Brazilian hands planted the seeds of change, and by 1825, the verdant hills boasted the birth of the inaugural coffee plantation.
This marked the beginning of the Kona legacy, creating a story that connects Hawaii to the global coffee world.

Coffee Machines History

In the 19th century, coffee stood as a global sensation, traversing continents with its rich aroma and robust flavor.

While the coffee bean itself had minimal territories left to conquer, the brewing, roasting, and packaging innovations of the past two centuries have profoundly shaped our coffee experience.

The invention of the coffee machine illustration

The Rise of Coffee Machines

The first revolutionary step in coffee preparation during the Industrial Revolution was the percolator.

Parisian metaworker inventing percolator illustration martakis
Parisian metalworker crafting the percolator 1818 Illustration: Martakis

In 1818, a Parisian metalworker crafted this device, setting the stage for our contemporary coffee rituals. Over time, subtle enhancements have refined its functionality.

This percolator found its way to the United States in 1865 when James H. Nason patented the first American-made percolator.

Enter the Coffee Roaster

The invention of the first roasting machine illustration
First coffee roaster design source wikipedia

In 1864, Jabez Burns of New York introduced the first “modern” coffee roaster. This innovative approach allowed coffee beans to be roasted without direct exposure to an open flame, signaling a new era in the industry.

Arbuckle Coffee History

Illustration of arbuckles coffee machine next to boxes of packed coffee
Arbuckle packaging machine Illustration: Martakis

Burns’ invention, patented in 1871, set the stage for John Arbuckle to develop a machine in 1871 that filled, weighed, and sealed coffee in paper packaging.

Arbuckle swiftly became the world’s foremost coffee importer, dominating global trade routes.

Packed coffee beans illustration

In 1886, the iconic Maxwell House brand emerged, named after the renowned Maxwell House Hotel. Maxwell House instant coffee became a wartime staple during World War II.

The First Espresso Machine

The invention of the first espresso machine in 1901 by Luigi Bezzera marked a transformative moment in coffee history.

Bezzera’s machine utilized water and steam under high pressure for rapid coffee preparation.

The invention of the first coffee machine espresso  Luigi Bezzera
luigi Bezzera first coffee machine source Britannica

In 1905, Desiderio Pavoni acquired the patent for Bezzera’s original espresso machine, determined to enhance its performance.

Recognizing the bitterness produced by steam and high temperatures, Pavoni set a temperature limit of 195 degrees and a pressure exposure of 9 BAR.

Cappuccino Invention – Gaggia

Achille Gaggia history illustration
Gaggia History chart source : wikipedia

Forty years later, Italian Achille Gaggia elevated the espresso machine further by introducing a piston mechanism, producing a layer of crema atop each espresso shot and giving birth to the beloved cappuccino.

1908 The invention of coffee filters

Melitta Bentz ilustration inventing filter coffee
Melitta Bentz 1908 Inventor of coffee filters Illustration: Martakis

n 1908, Melitta Bentz transformed the coffee landscape with her ingenious creation: the first paper coffee filter, crafted from her son’s school papers. This marked a pivotal moment, earning her a patent and inspiring entrepreneurial ventures as she founded her own company.

Melitta’s visionary leap revolutionized coffee brewing, reflecting her tenacious spirit and commitment to enhancing the coffee ritual.

Her invention gained widespread acclaim, securing her a lasting legacy in coffee history and influencing how enthusiasts savor their brews for generations.

Origin of Nescafe

escafe history illustration advertisement
Nescafe advertisement source : wikipedia

In the early 1900s, Brazil enlisted Nestle’s aid to address excess coffee waste. Extensive research culminated in the creation of instant coffee through freeze-drying, birthing the global giant, Nescafe.

The 1920s witnessed a surge in coffee sales during U.S. Prohibition. In 1926, the Science Newsletter proclaimed coffee not only an energy booster but also health-beneficial.

History of Starbucks – Second Wave

During the 1960s, coffee underwent another revolution.

With the help of Starbucks, we entered the initial stage of specialty coffee.

History of coffee second wave starbucks illustration people on couch drinking coffee

History of Peet’s Coffee

Alfred Peet, a Dutch-American, embarked on a journey to California, bringing his family’s coffee heritage to life with the establishment of Peet’s Coffee in Berkeley in 1966.

A pivotal moment unfolded in 1971 when Peet generously shared his profound coffee knowledge and roasting techniques with friends who, captivated during the Christmas season, soon opened their own coffee shops.

starbucks animation of people sitting on a couch drinking starbucks coffees

With Peet’s approval, these friends replicated the coffee magic in Seattle, naming their store Starbucks as a tribute to Peet’s legacy. In the early ’70s, Starbucks became the exclusive destination for quality coffee beans.

The scene evolved in 1982 with the arrival of Howard Schultz, inspired by the bustling café culture of Milan.

starbucks outside view illustration crowded coffeeshop
Starbucks cafe abstract Illustration: Martakis

Schultz’s efforts to introduce a more authentic coffee experience faced resistance at Starbucks, leading him to establish Il Giornale in 1985, focusing on quality coffee service.

The turning point came in 1987 when Schultz purchased Starbucks for $3.8 million, merging the roasting techniques of Starbucks with the Italian essence of coffee.

Beginning of Starbucks

Starbucks, under Schultz’s leadership, soared to global success, opening thousands of stores worldwide and spearheading the Second Wave of coffee.

The company revolutionized the coffee industry by reintroducing consumers to the superiority of freshly roasted and ground coffee over pre-packaged alternatives.

specialty coffee beans on bags animation

These cafés served various types of espresso and were local meeting points for the community.

The impact of Starbucks extended beyond coffee, creating a modern coffee experience that combined the sale of freshly roasted beans with expertly prepared coffee.

Schultz’s vision and Starbucks’ global influence have left an indelible mark on coffee culture, ensuring that the aromatic journey initiated by Alfred Peet continues to captivate coffee enthusiasts worldwide.

woman on a coffeeshop drinking coffee skeptical illustration
Illustration: Martakis

In gratitude, we acknowledge Starbucks for starting something remarkable — the evolution of coffee into a cultural phenomenon that transcends borders.

History of Coffee: The Third Wave

The third wave of coffee emphasizes high quality. The beans usually come from individual farms and are lightly roasted to highlight their distinct flavors.

A focus on coffee quality, direct trade, greater emphasis on sustainability, lighter roasting profiles, and innovative brewing methods—all these define the third wave of coffee.

We chase sweetness, complexity, and uniqueness in our coffee blends.

third wave coffee specialty blends illustration

Coffee Today

The coffee preparation industry continues to evolve today, with coffee shops opening everywhere.

Today, the coffee landscape has evolved, with heightened expectations for a richer, more ethically sourced brew. The journey that began with Peet’s Coffee and Starbucks has transcended borders, leading to a collective demand for better coffee experiences.

Barista making coffee and latte art illustration

A significant shift in focus has occurred, emphasizing the improvement of coffee producers’ livelihoods, particularly in underdeveloped countries that play a crucial role in global coffee production.

Companies are recognizing their responsibility to foster sustainable and ethical practices throughout the coffee supply chain.

Martakis barista illustration on a coffeeshop making latte art
Barista art Illustration: Martakis

Despite the strides made, the coffee story is far from over. There remains a vast expanse for improvement, especially in promoting equitable relationships between coffee producers and the industry.

Efforts to ensure fair wages, ethical sourcing, and environmentally sustainable practices are gaining momentum.

The evolution of coffee reflects a collective consciousness, an awareness that our choices as consumers can shape the future of an industry deeply intertwined with cultures worldwide.

Epilogue

So, how significant has the impact of coffee been during its global pilgrimage?

Today, coffee is the second-largest commodity traded globally!

illustration of a young woman at a a modern caffe lauging and drinking coffee
Coffee today Illustration: Martakis

Only oil surpasses the amount of coffee traded worldwide. Global coffee production amounts to 400 billion cups. It’s highly likely that coffee consumption will continue for a very, very long time.

The next chapters of the coffee story will likely see continued innovation, not only in flavors and brewing methods but also in fostering a global community that cherishes the source and impact of its beloved beverage. The aroma of possibility lingers, inviting us to be part of a narrative that advocates for better coffee, sustainable practices, and a shared appreciation for the individuals behind every cup.

Coffee has literally changed the world.

From ancient monks and shepherds chewing on coffee berries and preparing it without roasting, to barista competitions and perfectly designed hearts in our cappuccinos, we all play our part in the history of coffee.

Alexandros Martakis Coffee Expert
Alexandros Martakis

Greetings, I’m Alexandros, and this is your invitation to my coffee haven. The essence of this blog is simple yet profound: to craft the best in-depth, fact-checked articles on every facet of coffee. Expect a rich blend of recipes, guides, and reviews.